Pre-European Māori were one of very societies in the world not to produce their own waipiro / alcohol.
Many factors in our society (racism, availability of alcohol, deprivation, access to services, etc) are involved in Māori being more likely to drink heavily.
- In 2016/17, Māori males are 1.7 times more likely to be hazardous drinkers than non-Māori males
- In 2016/17, Māori females are 2.3 times more likely to be hazardous drinkers than non-Māori females
Rates of hazardous drinking among Māori women continue to increase.
Māori are more likely to experience alcohol-related harm than non-Māori. Young Māori males are more negatively impacted by living in close proximity to alcohol outlets than European young males - the reason for this is currently unknown.
Biological differences between Māori and non-Māori do not explain the inequities that Māori face in relation to alcohol - wider society should be the focus in explaining the differences in harm.