1. References for the factsheet on trends in adolescent drinking in New Zealand


  1. Huckle T, You RQ, Casswell S. Increases in quantities consumed in drinking occasions in New Zealand 1995-2004. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2011;30(4):366-371.
  2. Gruenewald PJ, Treno AJ, Ponicki WR, Huckle T, Yeh LC, Casswell S. Impacts of New Zealand's lowered minimum purchase age on context-specific drinking and related risks. Addiction. Nov 2015;110(11):1757-1766.
  3. Everitt R, Jones P. Changing the minimum legal drinking age--its effect on a central city emergency department. N. Z. Med. J. Jan 25 2002;115(1146):9-11.
  4. Huckle T, Pledger M, Casswell S. Trends in alcohol-related harms and offences in a liberalized alcohol environment. Addiction. 2006;101(2):232-240.
  5. Kypri K, Davie G, McElduff P, Langley J, Connor J. Long-term effects of lowering the alcohol minimum purchasing age on traffic crash injury rates in New Zealand. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2016:doi: 10.1111/dar.1237.
  6. Kypri K, Voas RB, Langley JD, et al. Minimum purchasing age for alcohol and traffic crash injuries among 15- to 19-year-olds in New Zealand. Am. J. Public Health. Jan 2006;96(1):126-131.
  7. Jackson, N., Denny, S., Sheridan, J., Fleming, T., Clark, T., Peiris-John, R., & Ameratunga, S. (2017). Uneven reductions in high school students' alcohol use from 2007 to 2012 by age, sex, and socioeconomic strata. Substance abuse, 38(1), 69-76.
  8. ibid
  9. Grucza RA, Norberg KE, Bierut LJ. Binge drinking among youths and young adults in the United States: 1979-2006. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry. 2009;48(7):692-702.
  10. Sánchez-Queija I, Moreno C, Rivera F, Ramos P. Alcohol consumption trends among Spanish school-aged adolescents in the first decade of the 21st century. Gac. Sanit. 2015;29:184-189.
  11. Clark TC, Fleming T, Bullen P, et al. Youth’12 prevalence tables: The health and wellbeing of New Zealand secondary school students in 2012. Auckland, New Zealand. The University of Auckland;2013.