Assist people to get the help they need
If you have any concerns about the alcohol use of people in your life, assist them or their family to get professional help.
Help can be reached at your GP/local medical centre, school counsellor or local Alcohol and Drug Service.
Alcohol and Drug Helpline is a useful starting point for anyone who has concerns about their own or others drinking. They will be able to support you towards the best course of action and local services including youth services - 0800 787 797.
Change the wider environment to change our drinking culture
Take action on environmental factors which support low-risk drinking. For example, foster and mobilise others to:
Alcohol is an addictive substance and some people become dependent on it.
Addiction is a clinical diagnosis made by an appropriately qualified clinician. It is characterised by a strong desire to drink and an inability to stop drinking.
Some people who are experiencing addiction may function very well – this is usually in the earlier stages.
As their addiction progresses they may need to drink more to achieve the desired effect; and the effect of their addiction will start to increase. It will have an increasing negative impact on their health, schooling or work, relationships and life more generally.
Professional help is usually required to address addiction.
A crisis can often prompt people to seek help. For some, an intervention is required to prompt the person to seek the help they need. Those who have sorted help for their addiction will have to plan to stop or cut back their drinking. It is important that they are supported to do this.
The 2019/20 New Zealand Health Survey showed that around 838,000 adults (or 20.9% of the population aged 15 years+) were classified as hazardous drinkers. Almost one-third (32.4%) of 18-24 year olds adults were classified as hazardous drinkers.
Many of these will be at risk of having or developing an alcohol use disorder.
Alcohol use disorders
There is a lack of information on the number of New Zealanders with a diagnosis of alcohol use disorders.
In 2006, it was estimated that just over 4% of the population in their lifetime will experience alcohol addiction and 11% will experience alcohol abuse.
In 2016, it was found that 4.2% of the population reported symptoms of alcohol abuse (2.6%) or dependence (1.3%) in the past year. This equates to over 100,000 New Zealanders.
Note that alcohol abuse and dependence have been combined in the DSM5 to become alcohol use disorders, read more here.
The price of alcohol
- Cheap and discounted alcohol increases the demand for alcohol and encourages heavier drinking.
- The introduction of alcohol (beer, wine and mead) into supermarkets (wine in 1989 and beer in 1999) had a considerable impact on lowering the price of alcohol. The price of any particular beer or wine is generally found to be cheaper in supermarkets than bottle stores.
- The introduction of ready-to-drinks (RTDs or alcopops) also had a considerable impact on drinking, particularly on young people. They are relatively cheap and attractive to young people.
- Increasing the retail price of alcohol is one of the most effective strategies to reduce accessibility and alcohol-related harm. It can be achieved in a number of ways including; increasing excise tax, introducing Minimum Unit Pricing, restricting the promotion of discounted alcohol.
The low price of alcohol is a key driver of our drinking culture. Cheap alcohol fuels heavy drinking.
In 2017, alcohol was found to be more affordable than ever before. Wine has particularly become more affordable. This means that it now takes us less time to earn enough money to buy a standard drink.
In New Zealand, off-licences are now selling approximately 75% of all alcohol. Supermarkets are big players in the retail market.
High liquor outlet density in a community may lead to competition, which drives prices down.
Increasing the price of alcohol is one of the strongest tools in our kete / basket to reduce harm. A large body of high-quality research suggests that a 10% increase in price reduces overall alcohol consumption by 5%. In fact, it is the most important strategy to reduce inequities in alcohol harm.
Community Action SUCCESS at stopping a new off-licence in South Auckland
Shirl’e Fruean is a hip hop MC, an entrepreneur and a proud Pasifika mum of three children aged 18, 16 and 6. She lives in Māngere East and is active in her community as a mentor and
advocate. In March 2021 she saw on social media that there was going to be a community protest outside a local set of shops. The aim of the protest? To send a strong message to the new off-licence applicant that the community did not want, or need, another bottle shop in their area.
“I felt in my heart I needed to go, to stand with the community. I've had enough of seeing our people protest outside that liquor store demanding the same thing. I’m done. I’m over
it. I need to make a stand.”
Growing up Shirl’e had first-hand experience of how enticing, yet harmful, the misuse of alcohol can be. Now, as a mum, she is hyper-aware of how accessible alcohol is in her hood. She was angry as just the year before community pressure had successfully stopped the opening of a bottle store in that very same location.
“This is the problem, it’s the amount of liquor stores. Many of us are struggling financially, it's exploitation. I'm a product of my community, if you keep putting that in front of my face I'm going to be drinking more and I don't want that.”
So, Shirl’e made it a priority to attend the protest at the Vine Street Shops. This was an empowering and educational experience for Shirl’e. During the protest she had the opportunity to amplify
the community's message as she was interviewed by The Spinoff. This led to a flurry of media contacting her and asking her to share her story. Shirl’e instinctively understood that she needed to say yes to these media requests.
“We need to keep pushing. The more we put the pressure on, the more they are able to realise like, hey we're not stupid, this is important to us”. She reached out to her community for support,
“I gave Nana Glenn (Communities Against Alcohol Harm member) a call and we chatted for over an hour as I was a little hesitant to go on TV but she encouraged me to go and so I did. The second
time I took Emily with me as I felt it was better to go in a team.”
https://www.facebook.com/275times/posts/3923746571057811 - Link to Breakfast Interview
“She (Emily) and I connected and I feel that through this whole experience it has brought us together. She’s educated me a lot more about the laws behind all this and about the role of the DLC (District Licencing Committee). That's what enabled me to go on Tagata Pasifika. ‘Each one, teach one’, that’s what I’ve learned from hip hop.”
https://www.tvnz.co.nz/shows/tagata-pasifika/episodes/s2021-e18 - Link to Tagata Pasifika Interview
This was significant for Emily too. Emily explains, “Educating Shirl’e about what’s needed to stop the proliferation of off-licences helped me understand the system better and what we need to do. We need grass-roots action, like the protests and we need to keep objecting to these off-licences. We also need to compel the police, health agencies and our representatives in the council and in government to take these issues seriously too. We need positive systematic changes.”
Shirl’e was thrilled when it was announced in May 2021 that the Vine Street off-licence application failed. Now there is one less place for the youth in the neighbourhood to access alcohol. This success has motivated her to get more engaged with the process. When asked if she would object to an off-licence in the future she replies,
“Absolutely! I’m keen to learn more. I want to sit in on the process and see how a DLC hearing works, have a listen. Be prepared. We need to understand how important it is for us as a community to look after our kids and our community. We need to exercise our brains and our hearts. We can support local groups like Communities Against Alcohol Harm (CAAH). We need to get behind them and get more active. Go to protests. Get educated. Talk to people.”
Click here to view the Instagram image of protest.
This section will guide you through the process of making an objection to a new or renewal application for an off-licence in your community.
A licence must be obtained to sell alcohol
Anyone who wishes to sell or supply alcohol to be consumed off-premise must apply for an off-licence from the local licensing body.
Licence applications must be publicly notified
An off-licence application must be publicly notified at the premises and either in the local paper or designated website. Check with your local council for their requirements.
You will need to check the website or look out for notices in the local newspapers or local area to be aware of licence applications. Please note that some premises may put the public notice somewhere that may not be noticeable to the public (e.g. the notice may be posted on somewhere that is far from the entrance).
Three agencies make inquiries into the application
Once an application is made, Council licensing inspectors, Public Health officers, and Police licensing officers commence their investigations in relation to the application. Other agencies can also look into the application (e.g. Fire Service).
Council licensing inspectors, Police, and Health must inquire into all off-licence applications. If the Police and/or Health authorities wish to oppose the application, they must send their report to the Licensing Committee within 15 working days (note - working days do not include public holidays but do include regional anniversary days) after receiving the application file from the Council.
The Council is not required to report within 15 working days - they may take longer.
The community can object to an application
You can make an objection to the application if you have a “greater interest” than the public generally.
A person with ‘greater interest’ means you could be living or working near (e.g. within 1-2km) the proposed or existing premises, or you’re a member of a Board of Trustees of a school or Marae near the premises. You can object to both new licences and renewals of licences.
Note: The above requirements do not apply to licence applications for the online sales of alcohol, as alcohol may be delivered from a premises to anywhere in the country. If you have concerns about an online sales application, you can object. However, we note that it can be hard to find out about online sales applications in other parts of the country.
Please note that your name and contact details need to be provided in your objection. Your objection and contact details are given to the applicant. The applicant may seek to amend their application based on your objections (e.g. by reducing their trading hours) or they may use your objection to prepare a response at a public hearing.
You can also object to a licence as a community group. Your objection letter can act as a petition, gathering signatures from people who have a greater interest than the public generally. If you choose this method, it is important to include in the petition the name and address of a spokesperson or contact person, including an email address. Each objector in the petition must include their name and address clearly, as well as their signature.
Alternatively, you could create an objection letter template which you can print off and distribute throughout the local community.
You will have 15 working days (note - working days do not include public holidays but do include regional anniversary days) to lodge an objection against an off-licence from the date of the first notification (this could be an online notice or date published in a local newspaper, whichever is first).
Once the list of objectors is finalised and given to all three agencies, some applicants (and their agents) may invite objectors to a meeting to discuss their concerns. If you feel uncomfortable doing this, do not feel pressured to attend.
Although your contact details in an objection letter are not published, if you take part in the public hearing your name and objection will become public record.
Objections can only relate to specified criteria
There are a range of criteria that are used in decisions whether or not to grant a licence. The criteria are:
- the object of the Act (the harm caused by the excessive or inappropriate consumption of alcohol should be minimised)
- the suitability of the applicant
- any relevant local alcohol policy
- the days on which and the hours during which the applicant proposes to sell alcohol:
- the design and layout of any proposed premises:
- whether the applicant is engaged in, or proposes on the premises to engage in, the sale of goods other than alcohol, low-alcohol refreshments, non-alcoholic refreshments, and food, and if so, which goods:
- whether the applicant is engaged in, or proposes on the premises to engage in, the provision of services other than those directly related to the sale of alcohol, low-alcohol refreshments, non-alcoholic refreshments, and food, and if so, which services:
whether (in its opinion) the amenity and good order of the locality would be likely to be reduced, to more than a minor extent, by the effects of the issue of the licence:
- whether (in its opinion) the amenity and good order of the locality are already so badly affected by the effects of the issue of existing licences that—
- they would be unlikely to be reduced further (or would be likely to be reduced further to only a minor extent) by the effects of the issue of the licence; but
- it is nevertheless desirable not to issue any further licences:
Many community members focus their objections on the trading hours, impact on amenity and good order, suitability of the applicant and object of the Act. But you can use any of the above criteria. However, you must focus your objection only in relation to the above criteria.
What is amenity and good order?
In relation to amenity and good order, the Act requires that the Licensing Committee must have regard to the following matters (as they relate to the locality):
- current, and possible future, noise levels
- current, and possible future, levels of nuisance and vandalism
- the number of premises for which licences of the kind concerned are already held
Other considerations in relation to amenity and good order are the extent to which the following purposes are compatible:
- the purposes for which land near the premises concerned is used:
- the purposes for which those premises will be used if the licence is issued.
If the application is for a licence renewal, the Licensing Committee must have regard to:
- current, and possible future, noise levels
- current, and possible future, levels of nuisance and vandalism.
Seeking to have conditions included on the licence
It may be that you do not object to the granting of a licence, but object to the trading hours that are proposed. Or perhaps you would like some conditions attached to the licence. This is absolutely fine - make it clear in your objection letter that this is the case and what hours or conditions you would prefer.
Examples of conditions you might seek for an off-licence might include:
- Prohibiting the sale of single alcoholic beverages
- Requiring off-licences to close between 3-4pm (to protect children from exposure to alcohol advertising when children leave school)
- Prohibiting the sale of certain types of products
- Prohibiting sales to persons in school uniforms
- Not displaying RTDs at the principal entrance to the store or within three metres of front windows
- Limiting external advertising to one sign identifying the trading name of the premises
- Windows to be clear and free from brand advertising
- No use of portable signage such as flags or sandwich boards
If conditions are not to be placed on a licence, will the licensee sign an undertaking?
Sometimes it can be difficult to have conditions imposed on the licence - but this doesn't mean that you can't discuss these with the applicant and encourage them to sign an undertaking instead.
An undertaking is a formal written statement (can even be in an email) that the applicant promises to adhere to certain requirements.
For example, the applicant could agree that they:
- won't dispose of bottles and trash outside the premises between x hour and x hour
- truck or van deliveries will not occur between x hour and x hour
- private rubbish contractor collections will only occur as per the agreed delivery times noted above.
- nominated residents and the licensee will communicate about and / or resolve any issues in a responsible manner.
If there are breaches to these undertakings, they can be used when the licence comes up for renewal. It is important that all breaches are recorded in an incident log.
Having conditions included on a licence is preferable to gaining a licensee's undertaking.
Objections are processed by the local Council licensing inspector
Send your objection to your local Council. Email is usually the best form of communication.
The Council should write to you to acknowledge your objection. The inspector will assess your objection and determine if you meet the criteria for having a “greater interest” than the public generally and that your objection relates to the specified criteria.
Community objections proceed to a public hearing
If you object, the District Licensing Committee (DLC) will hold a public hearing. It is very important that you attend this hearing if you want to make your objection count. Objections from persons who do not attend the hearing are unfortunately given little weight.
The file of reports from the three agencies, together with community objections, is forwarded to the Hearings Advisor for the DLC.
The date, time, and location of the hearing will be sent to you from the Hearings Team. They will inform you of the process and deadlines to submit further evidence (if you wish to present any).
By law, the DLC must give at least 10 working days' notice of the public hearing to all parties. If your objection is in the form of a petition, they will contact the spokesperson.
Information about upcoming hearing dates may be available on the website of each Council.
Off-licences are premises where alcohol can be purchased for consumption off the premises, for example a bottle store, supermarket/grocery store, remote or online seller.
The more that alcohol is available in a community, the more likely the community will experience alcohol-related harm. High numbers of alcohol outlets and late trading hours lead to a higher likelihood of violence, drink driving, and heavy adolescent drinking. More outlets often means lower prices, which means more harm.
Communities can reduce alcohol-related harm by influencing the number, location, and trading hours of off-licences. Communities can do this by having their say on their local alcohol policy, or by making objections to licence applications (new and renewal) through their local District Licensing Committee.